NON-HUMANS AS MEANING-MAKERS: ELIZABETH AS A CO- DESIGNER of BIOSHOCK INFINITE
Who participates in the Community of Practiceof the design of digital technology? Cultural studies scholars traditionally focus on human elements as the key actants and meaning-makers in the design of technology. Even Actor-Network Theory, which attributes causal power to non-human material objects, stops short of crediting objects with interpretive power and meaning-making ability. However, recent theoretical approaches coming out of Speculative Realism, New Materialism, and Non-Human Ethnography are posing challenges to this anthropocentric model of meaning-making.