Emerging Infectious Diseases and Health Surveillance at U.S. Air Travel Ports of Entry: Perspective From Within the Department of Homeland Security

Andrew Hickey, Diana Y. Wong, Tyann Blessington, Asher Grady, Chandra Lesniak, Sarah Cheeseman Barthel, Scott Teper, William Bilado, Jayme Henenfent, Tiana Garrett, Neil Bonzagni, Mark Freese, Teresa Quitugua


More than 150 U.S. international airports process an estimated two billion passengers and 50 million metric tons of cargo arriving in the U.S. from more than 1,000 international airports located outside the U.S. Entry and customs screening are points where travelers from international destinations pass; a logical location for assessing health of incoming travelers in order to identify and control import of diseases of emerging diseases. NBIC examined peer-reviewed literature, region-specific disease spectrum/frequency, and air travel patterns to assess options for ports of entry health screening as well as the challenges and potential benefits for active screening programs.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v8i1.6475

Online Journal of Public Health Informatics * ISSN 1947-2579 * http://ojphi.org